The UAE is committed to working with the international community to keep the world safe from global proliferation threats and to fully support the goals of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
The principles, commitments and strategies outlined in the UAE policy on the evaluation and potential development of peaceful nuclear energy demonstrate the UAE’s desires for a peaceful and transparent program. The UAE’s actions align with its longstanding support for the NPT, and its support for a Middle East region completely free of weapons of mass destruction.
The UAE became a party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1996. The UAE also is a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and cooperates with the Missile Technology Control Regime. The UAE is a partner nation on the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism. The US–UAE 123 Agreement for Peaceful Civilian Nuclear Energy Cooperation entered into force on December 17, 2009.
In support of regional peace and stability, the UAE fully supports and enforces United Nations Security Council resolutions barring shipment of sensitive materials and technologies to Iran.
Other non-proliferation initiatives include:
- The UAE is working with the US Department of Energy to implement the Megaports Initiative, a cooperative effort aimed at deterring terrorists from using the world's seaports to ship illicit materials; detecting nuclear or radioactive materials if shipped via sea cargo; and interdicting harmful materials so they cannot be used by terrorists.
- The UAE is a signatory to the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), which is aimed at stopping shipments of weapons of mass destruction, their delivery systems and related materials worldwide.
- The UAE participates in the US Container Security Initiative (CSI), a security regime that includes a team of US Customs and Border Protection officers permanently stationed inside Dubai's ports, where they work closely with Dubai Customs to screen containers destined for the United States.
- Ports operated by Dubai Ports World participate in the Secure Freight Initiative, a US Department of Homeland Security pilot program to test the methods used to screen US-bound cargo for radiation.
- Dubai Ports World has been certified as a partner in the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism, a government-business cargo security initiative led by the US Department of Homeland Security’s Customs and Border Protection component.
- The US Department of State, through its Export Control and Related Border Security Assistance program, is helping the UAE improve its enforcement and licensing capabilities aimed at curbing the transshipment of elicit materials.
Nuclear Energy and Non-Proliferation
The UAE has formally endorsed a set of guidelines on the establishment of a peaceful civilian nuclear energy program in the UAE, and in 2009 passed Federal Law by Decree No. 6 Concerning the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy.
- The UAE is committed to complete operational transparency
- The UAE is committed to pursuing the highest standards of non-proliferation
- The UAE is committed to the highest standards of safety and security
- The UAE works directly with the IAEA and conforms to its standards in evaluating and establishing a peaceful nuclear energy program
- The UAE is developing its peaceful domestic nuclear power capability in partnership with the governments and firms of responsible nations, as well with the assistance of appropriate expert organizations
- The UAE is committed to conducting its peaceful domestic nuclear power program in a manner that best ensures long-term sustainability
In an effort to limit the danger of proliferation, the Government of the UAE has also adopted a policy renouncing the development of any domestic enrichment or reprocessing capabilities in favor of long-term arrangements for the external supply of nuclear fuel.
To support the UAE’s ability to meet that obligation, the UAE pledged $10 million to support an IAEA-administered international uranium fuel bank initiative, resulting from a proposal by the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI). The fund is designed to provide assurances against supply disruptions, while strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime.
Non-proliferation instruments concluded by the UAE:
- IAEA Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1995)
- IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (2003)
- IAEA Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (2003)
- UN Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (2000)
- UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)
- UN International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005)
- IAEA Additional Protocol to Safeguards Agreement
- IAEA Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and Nuclear Facilities
- Support for the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Export Guidelines
The UAE is developing the required physical and legal infrastructure to ensure the obligations under these instruments are met.
UAE Nuclear Safety Commitments
Safety instruments concluded by the UAE:
- IAEA Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident (1987)
- IAEA Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency (1987)
- IAEA Convention on Nuclear Safety
- IAEA Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management
UAE Nuclear Liability Commitments
Liability instruments concluded by the UAE:
- IAEA Protocol to Amend the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage
- IAEA Joint Protocol on the Application of the Vienna and Paris Conventions
- IAEA Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage